The Big Four
One way to understand the ideas discussed in this glossary is to imagine humans as each having four different parts of who they are: their sex, gender identity, gender expression, and attraction. These are related, but differ because there is no default combination of these categories.
For example, just because someone ia a certain sex, does not mean we know their gender identity.
Just because someone has a certain gender identity, doesn’t mean their gender expression will look how we expect.
Just because we know someone’s gender identity, does not mean we know who they are attracted to.
a biological categorization, assigned at birth by doctors and parents.
— Doctors and parents assign sex based on genitals and internal reproductive organs, sex chromosomes, hormones, and more. These can exist in many different combinations.
— When doctors say “it’s a boy” or “it’s a girl”, they usually mean “this baby is male” or “this baby is female”. People can also be intersex.
the way you express your gender on the outside.
— People can express their gender through clothing, hairstyle, voice, and behaviour.
— Some words to describe gender expression are masculine and feminine.
— Someone’s gender expression may not “match” their gender identity in the way society expects. For example, a girl can wear masculine clothing.